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Home Welcome to Cambodia

Welcome to Cambodia
Cambodia PDF Print E-mail
 
  
  Cambodia: Flag and Anthem
The Kingdom of Cambodia (pronounced / kæmˈboʊdiə/), formerly known as Kampuchea (/kæmpuːˈtʃiːə/, ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា Preăh Réachéa Nachâk Kâmpŭchea, derived from Sanskrit Kambujadesa (कम्बोजदेश)), is a country in South East Asia, famous as the successor state of the once powerful Hindu and Buddhist Khmer Empire, which ruled most of the Indochinese Peninsula between the 11th and 14th centuries. Today, the country borders Thailand to its west and northwest, Laos to its northeast and Vietnam to its east and southeast. In the south it faces the Gulf of Thailand. The geography of Cambodia is dominated by the Mekong River (colloquial Khmer: Tonle Thom (ទន្លេធំ) or "the great river") and the Tonlé Sap (ទន្លេសាប; "the fresh water lake"), an important source of fish.

 

Along with Brunei, Thailand and Malaysia, Cambodia still maintains the monarchy. In 2004, bachelor Norodom Sihamoni was crowned king, succeeding his father Norodom Sihanouk. Phnom Penh is thekingdom's capital and largest city and is the center for industry, political headquarters, tourism services, commercial, economic power and culture for the whole country.

 
  

Siem Reap is a site for tourism and recreation. Battambang is known for rice production and Sihanoukville is the primary port.

Cambodia has an area of approximately 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 sq mi) and a population of over 14 million ethnic Khmer. A citizen of Cambodia is usually identified as "Cambodian" or "Khmer", though the latter strictly refers to ethnic Khmers. Most Cambodians are Theravada Buddhists of Khmer extraction, but the country also has a substantial number of predominantly Muslim Cham, as well as ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese and small animist hill tribes.


Agriculture has long been the most important sector of the Cambodian economy, with around 59% of the population relying on agriculture for their livelihood (with rice being the principal crop). Garments, tourism, and construction are also important, yielded, foreign visitors to Angkor Wat numbered more than 4 million. In 2005, oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters, and once commercial extraction begins in 2011, the oil revenues could profoundly affect Cambodia's economy. Observers fear much of the revenue could end up in the hands of the political elites if not monitored correctly.
 

                                                      Kingdom of Cambodia

Capital (and largest city)

Phnom Penh

11°33′N 104°55′E

Official language(s)Khmer
DemonymKhmer or Cambodian
Government Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary representative democracy
KingNorodom Sihamoni
Prime MinisterHun Sen
Area Total

181,035 km2

69,898 sq mi 

Area Water
2.5%
Population(2009 estimate) 14,805,000
Cambodia religiosity                                           

Buddhism 95%

Islam 3%

Christianity 2%

CurrencyRiel (banknotes and coins) (៛) (KHR)
Time zone
(UTC+7)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.kh
Calling code855
 
City and province sizes PDF Print E-mail

On 22 December 2008, King Norodom Sihamoni signed a Royal Decree that changed the municipalities of Kep, Pailin and Sihanoukville into provinces, as well as adjusting several provincial borders.

 

 No.City or Province
                                    Area
Km² sq mi
 1Capital of Phnom Penh290112
 2Kandal Province3,5681,378            
 3Takeo Province3,5631,376
 4Kampong Cham Province9,7993,783
 5Kampong Thom Province                       
13,814                            
5,334                           
 6Siem Reap Province10,299                         
3,976
 7Preah Vihear Province13,7885,324
 8Oddar Meancheay Province 6,1582,378
 9Banteay Meanchey Province 6,679 2,579
 10Battambang Province                            
11,072          
4,275
 11Pailin Province803 310
 12Pursat Province12,692                           
4,900                          
 13Kampong Chhnang Province       
5,521 2,132
 14Kampong Speu Province7,017 2,709
 15Koh Kong Province11,160                          
4,309                         
 16Sihanoukville Province868 335
 17Kampot Province4,873.2 1,881.6
 18Kep Province335.8 129.7
 19Prey Veng Province4,8831,885
 20Svay Rieng Province2,9661,145
 21Kratie Province11,094 4,283
 22Stung Treng Province11,0924,283
 23Ratanakiri Province10,782 4,163
 24Mondulkiri Province14,288 5,517
 25Tonlé Sap3,000 1,158

TOTAL AREA181,03569,898